Thesis verb tense

I know I did! So, you say what has been found and then how you will contribute to the field. Simple present tense is used for Truth Time in English. We conducted a secondary data analysis… Public Health Descriptional statistical tests and t-student test were used for statistical analysis. Simple future with hedging word: The results of the study indicate that the glaciers will likely continue to melt.

Methodology tense

People often ask about the right verb tenses to use in the thesis or research article — e. I know I did! In general, however, the following guidelines may help you know when to use past and present tense. Australia employs high numbers of migrant nurses; As a larger proportion of the workforce retires, Australia will experience a shrinking tax base. At the time you are writing your report, thesis, dissertation or article, you have already completed your study, so you should use past tense in your methodology section to record what you did, and in your results section to report what you found. Some useful resources for practitioners or research writers: Swales, J. If you have questions about tense or other writing concerns specific to your discipline, check with your adviser. But this is not such a great idea, because not all published theses or research papers are well-written. Most grad students learn academic writing the same way they learned to speak: by imitation. You may also need to use the future tense in the discussion section if you are making recommendations for further research or providing future direction.

Genre analysis: Structural and linguistic evolution of the English-medium medical research article Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. Should the introduction or literature review be written in the present tense or past tense?

dissertation introduction tense

Lawrence Erlbaum, People often ask about the right verb tenses to use in the thesis or research article — e. A common place to find this signposting is in the Introduction to a chapter, paper or section — e.

Use this as your first choice unless you have a good reason to use another tense. You may also need to use the future tense in the discussion section if you are making recommendations for further research or providing future direction.

Methodology and results: To talk about your methods or results, use the past simple or present perfect. Note that the first part of the sentence refers to the results; hence the past tense has been used for this part.

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Verb tenses in research papers: Which tense should you use?