I know I did! So, you say what has been found and then how you will contribute to the field. Simple present tense is used for Truth Time in English. We conducted a secondary data analysis… Public Health Descriptional statistical tests and t-student test were used for statistical analysis. Simple future with hedging word: The results of the study indicate that the glaciers will likely continue to melt.
Genre analysis: Structural and linguistic evolution of the English-medium medical research article Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. Should the introduction or literature review be written in the present tense or past tense?
Lawrence Erlbaum, People often ask about the right verb tenses to use in the thesis or research article — e. A common place to find this signposting is in the Introduction to a chapter, paper or section — e.
Use this as your first choice unless you have a good reason to use another tense. You may also need to use the future tense in the discussion section if you are making recommendations for further research or providing future direction.
Methodology and results: To talk about your methods or results, use the past simple or present perfect. Note that the first part of the sentence refers to the results; hence the past tense has been used for this part.